The consequences of the first Jewish revolt against Rome are summarized in the Wikipedia —
The defeat of the Jewish revolt altered the Jewish diaspora, as many of the Jewish rebels were scattered or sold into slavery. Josephus claims that 1,100,000 people were killed during the siege, a sizeable portion of these were at Jewish hands and due to illnesses brought about by hunger. “A pestilential destruction upon them, and soon afterward such a famine, as destroyed them more suddenly.” On the order of 97,000 were captured and enslaved and many others fled to areas around the Mediterranean. …
Titus reportedly refused to accept a wreath of victory, saying, “There is no merit in vanquishing a people forsaken by their own God.”
It gets worse. In the early Second Century, the Jews rebelled yet again.
The Bar Kokhba revolt (Hebrew: מרד בר כוכבא or mered Bar Kokhba), was a rebellion of the Jews of Judea Province, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire. Fought circa 132–136 CE, it was the last of three major Jewish–Roman wars, so it is also known as The Third Jewish–Roman War or The Third Jewish Revolt.
The revolt erupted as a result of religious and political tensions in Judea province. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander, was regarded by many Jews as the Messiah, a heroic figure who would restore Israel. Initial rebel victories established an independent state of Israel over parts of Judea for over two years, but a Roman army made up of six full legions with auxiliaries and elements from up to six additional legions finally crushed it.
The Bar Kokhba revolt resulted in an extensive depopulation of Judean Jewish communities, more so than the First Jewish–Roman War of 70 CE. Despite easing persecution of Jews following Hadrian’s death in 138 CE, the Romans barred Jews from Jerusalem, except for attendance in Tisha B’Av. The Jewish community of Judea was devastated in events some scholars describe as a genocide. According to Cassius Dio, 580,000 Jewish civilians were massacred, and those who survived were sold into slavery.
Although Jewish Christians regarded Jesus as the Messiah and did not support Bar Kokhba, they were barred from Jerusalem along with the rest of the Jews. The war and its aftermath helped differentiate Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism (see also Split of early Christianity and Judaism).
In short, the curses of Deu 28 did indeed come true, again and again, as the non-Christian Jews found “messiahs” to lead them in military rebellion against Rome. We easily see why Jesus, looking ahead to what was going to happen to Israel, wept.
It’s all about knowing where you are within the covenant and prophetic framework, and John and Jesus knew that they lived in the Deu 30:6 times, which required a change of heart. Military revolt was not a change of heart.
The baptism of Jesus
Luke records Jesus being baptized by John the Baptist.
(Luk 3:21-22 ESV) Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”
I believe the baptism of Jesus is intended to be a typology of Christian baptism. When we are baptized, we receive the Spirit and God declares us his son or daughter and that we are well pleasing to him.
Jesus was already all of these things before his baptism, but his baptism is an example for us to follow, an endorsement of the ministry of John, and a demonstration of his humility. Even the Son of God, the Messiah, was willing to submit to an act of repentance for forgiveness — not because he was himself in need of either but because he was doing for Israel what Israel would not do for itself. He was, as the Hebrews author teaches, learning obedience (Heb 5:8), so that the Spirit could teach us obedience.
The temptations of Jesus
Luke next records Satan tempting Jesus to use his miraculous powers to feed himself, to test God’s willingness to protect him from harm, and —
(Luk 4:5-8 ESV) 5 And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, 6 and said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. 7 If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” 8 And Jesus answered him, “It is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.'”
Obviously, Satan claimed to have the rule over the entire planet, including over the Jews. And Jesus did not disagree. Rather, as we’ve seen elsewhere, Jesus defeated Satan and other demonic powers by the cross (Col 2:15).
And so, we see that the need for national and individual repentance was quite real — so real that Satan could claim to rule the Jews.
Jesus preaches from Isaiah
Jesus then begins his ministry by preaching in the local synagogue based on Isa 61, from which he announced the coming of the Messiah and the Kingdom. But when he claimed to be the Messiah himself, things began to go poorly —
(Luk 4:24-30 ESV) 24 And he said, “Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown. 25 But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land, 26 and Elijah was sent to none of them but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27 And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.” 28 When they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with wrath. 29 And they rose up and drove him out of the town and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. 30 But passing through their midst, he went away.
Here we see an important shift. Clearly, Luke anticipates that many among the Jews would reject Jesus, and that only a remnant would accept him and be saved. Jesus makes that point exactly, anticipating Paul’s argument in Rom 11, even referring to the time of Elijah, as Paul does. In fact, the reaction to Jesus’ claim was so negative that the townspeople attempted to kill him, presumably for blasphemy.