Exile and Repentance, Part 15 (Acts 2, Part 1)

Arch_of_Titus_MenorahJesus is the Messiah

(Act 2:22-28 ESV)  “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know —  23 this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.  24 God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.  25 For David says concerning him,

“‘I saw the Lord always before me, for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken;  26 therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; my flesh also will dwell in hope.  27 For you will not abandon my soul to Hades [not hell but the realm of the dead], or let your Holy One see corruption.  28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of gladness with your presence.’

Peter says to the audience that “you” crucified and killed him (v. 23). Really? Many were a 1,000 miles away at the time. But it makes sense if we see the crucifixion as part of God’s covenant history — as the working out of the prophecies of Deu 28 – 30.

God sent the entire nation into Exile. He promised to bring back the nation if they would repent and return to him — and yet the leaders of the nation crucified the Messiah! This is the furthest thing from returning to God! The nation itself was under judgment, and this was no way to escape judgment.

V. 24 declares the resurrection of Jesus, and then Peter quotes Psalm 16 as prophesying the resurrection.

(Act 2:29-31 ESV) “Brothers, I may say to you with confidence about the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.  30 Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,  31 he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.”  

Peter then explains that Psalm 16 cannot be speaking of David, because David died and remains dead in his tomb, whereas Psalm 16 speaking of someone who will not be abandoned to the grave or rot as a corpse.

(Act 2:32 ESV)  32 “This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses.”

Peter then declares that the 120 disciples who had been speaking with the visible and audible presence of the Spirit were eyewitnesses to the resurrection.

(Act 2:33 ESV)  33 “Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.” 

Peter next cites as proof of his claims the fact that the Spirit has quite obviously been outpoured in accordance with prophecy. Therefore, the Messiah has come. The Messiah is the King of promise, and so Jesus is pictured as ruling from heaven.

(Act 2:34-36 ESV) 34 “For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand,  35 until I make your enemies your footstool.”‘  36 Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Peter next quotes Psalm 110 for the claim that Jesus, as Messiah, sits at God’s right hand. Then, amazingly, he declares Jesus “both Lord and Christ.” Now, “Christ” means Messiah means Anointed One means the King of prophecy. “Lord” could mean anything from “sir” to God himself. But in context, he is referring to Joel 2:31, which he’d just quoted —

(Joe 2:32 ESV)  32 And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved. 

“LORD” in Joel 2:32 is YHWH in the Hebrew. Peter has the audacity to call Jesus by the Holy Name of God, YHWH. He is not only Messiah and the Son of God, but God the Son. He is divine in the fullest sense of the word.

Then he repeats the accusation: “this Jesus whom you crucified.”

(Act 2:37 ESV) Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

Why “cut to the heart”? They weren’t accused of a sin they’d personally committed. But their nation — God’s elect people — had rejected the Messiah sent by God. And the Kingdom was dawning and Jesus was now in authority.

If you believed yourself a part of a nation in Exile because of its sins against God, and if you believed that the Exile would end when the nation returned to God and that God would send his Spirit to his people when they returned to him, well, what would you want to know?

They weren’t feeling damned in their immorality or legalism. Peter had not touched on either subject. The topic of the sermon was the Messiahship of Jesus and the rejection of him by the Jewish people — as a people.

Therefore, any devout Jew would know that he was about to miss his last chance to return to God and receive the blessings of Deu 30 — a return of the Lord’s favor that they’d been praying for for over 500 years!

This crooked generation

I know the readers are desperate to get to Acts 2:38, but we need to first skip to —

(Act 2:40 ESV) 40 And with many other words he bore witness and continued to exhort them, saying, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation.” 

We assume that this means, “Save yourselves from these sinners.” But those present were devout Jews (as Luke has taken pains to point out earlier in chapter 2). Rather, Peter is quoting the Song of Moses, a psalm that Moses sang near the end of (you guessed it) Deuteronomy —

(Deu 32:4-6 ESV) 4 “The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.  5 They have dealt corruptly with him; they are no longer his children because they are blemished; they are a crooked and twisted generation.  6 Do you thus repay the LORD, you foolish and senseless people? Is not he your father, who created you, who made you and established you?”

This is, in very plain words, a threat to evict the Israelites as God’s children or chosen people because of their sins — their rejection of his grace. Again …

(Deu 32:18-22 ESV) 18 You were unmindful of the Rock that bore you, and you forgot the God who gave you birth.  19 “The LORD saw it and spurned them, because of the provocation of his sons and his daughters.  20 And he said, ‘I will hide my face from them; I will see what their end will be, for they are a perverse generation, children in whom is no faithfulness.  21 They have made me jealous with what is no god; they have provoked me to anger with their idols. So I will make them jealous with those who are no people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.  22 For a fire is kindled by my anger, and it burns to the depths of Sheol, devours the earth and its increase, and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains.

The language is borrowed from a series of severe warnings against idolatry and a lack of faithfulness.

In short, Peter’s sermon declares that the nation of Israel is now living in the Deu 30 times, and they have a choice to make. Either return to God and receive hearts circumcised by the Spirit or else suffer the fate of the faithless in Deu 30 and the Song of Moses (Deu 32).

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About Jay F Guin

My name is Jay Guin, and I’m a retired elder. I wrote The Holy Spirit and Revolutionary Grace about 18 years ago. I’ve spoken at the Pepperdine, Lipscomb, ACU, Harding, and Tulsa lectureships and at ElderLink. My wife’s name is Denise, and I have four sons, Chris, Jonathan, Tyler, and Philip. I have two grandchildren. And I practice law.
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7 Responses to Exile and Repentance, Part 15 (Acts 2, Part 1)

  1. rich constant says:

    Too much fun… JAY
    Isn’t it…

  2. rich constant says:

    Now you can understand the tension in the garden.
    even the deceiver didn’t believe that God would curse his son.
    The cross is where the rubber hits the road, and it was finished.
    Romans 3 god is faithful to all of this words,
    God’s righteousness was manifested through the faithfulness of his son. for all those who believe.
    it becomes a law a faith 3:27-31

  3. rich constant says:

    Now when I asked the question was Jesus righteous under law.
    Of course the answer is a resounding no.
    The law wasn’t given to make anyone righteous.
    All of these questions now seamlessly work together for the glory of God.
    And the ignorance of men…

  4. rich constant says:

    And this mystery is brought forward and revealed through the rest of the book of Romans.
    and 2nd Corinthians 5 the new creation in the ministry of reconciliation should become all the more clear.

  5. rich constant says:

    I’m very thankful for being taught in such a way and studied in such a way when I was a very Yong Man, I remember the exact time in the date that I was baptized and that would be 1968 the 21st or 22nd around 1145 in the morning of December , I could look it upI was 20 years old.
    What I find interesting is what the Word says about baptism especially around 1st Corinthians the 15th chapter it was so normal that everyone that read that letter knew what I was talking about.
    It was so normal to me then I knew what the 6 chapter of Romans meant to me.
    It was so normal that I knew what first Peter chapter 3 verse 21 and on meant to me.
    It was so normal I knew what it meant from Galatians the third chapter.
    It was show normal that preacher not only preach the gospel by the Great Commission but also followed up with baptism.
    God’s Word shows me exactly what is happening to me, and for me to have faith that it is.
    This is the spirit speaking through His apostles and prophets with the words of the Spirit explaining exactly what is happening to me through baptism.and for me to have faith that it is. this is the Holy Spirit speaking through his apostles and profits this is jesus and what he wants you to do. pretty much I’d die in baptism and raise up to walk in a new life with Christ. I’m confirmed in the church and my conscience is clean that’s according to the word.
    What I find interesting is is that when I tell people that asked me if I
    been saved and I say well yes I have I was baptized,
    , & I can show them what baptism accomplishes for me because of what the Spirit said. I also baptized my boys they also know these reasons.
    so baptism becomes my confirmation not for any other reason other than I can see all of It written down in the words of the Spirit so I have that to hold on to. most other people don’t. most other people think that baptism is just an outward sign of an inward condition. To me that’s a very shameful thing not to be taught what the Word of God says about such an important issue

    Ephesians 1


    1:1 From Paul,1 an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the saints [in Ephesus],2 the faithful3 in Christ Jesus. 1:2 Grace and peace to you4 from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ!

    Spiritual Blessings in Christ

    1:3 Blessed5 is6 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed7 us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly realms in Christ. 1:4 For8 he chose us in Christ9 before the foundation of the world that we may be holy and unblemished10 in his sight11 in love.12 1:5 He did this by predestining13 us to adoption as his14 sons15 through Jesus Christ, according to the pleasure16 of his will – 1:6 to the praise of the glory of his grace17 that he has freely bestowed on us in his dearly loved Son.18 1:7 In him19 we have redemption through his blood,20 the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace 1:8 that he lavished on us in all wisdom and insight. 1:9 He did this when he revealed21 to us the secret22 of his will, according to his good pleasure that he set forth23 in Christ,24 1:10 toward the administration of the fullness of the times, to head up25 all things in Christ – the things in heaven26 and the things on earth.27 1:11 In Christ28 we too have been claimed as God’s own possession,29 since we were predestined according to the one purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the counsel of his will 1:12 so that we, who were the first to set our hope30 on Christ,31 would be to the praise of his glory. 1:13 And when32 you heard the word of truth (the gospel of your salvation) – when you believed in Christ33 – you were marked with the seal34 of the promised Holy Spirit,35 1:14 who is the down payment36 of our inheritance, until the redemption of God’s own possession,37 to the praise of his glory.

    Prayer for Wisdom and Revelation

    1:15 For this reason,38 because I39 have heard40 of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love41 for all the saints, 1:16 I do not cease to give thanks for you when I remember you42 in my prayers. 1:17 I pray that43 the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory,44 may give you spiritual wisdom and revelation45 in your growing knowledge of him,46 1:18 – since the eyes of your47 heart have been enlightened48 – so that you may know what is the hope of his calling,49 what is the wealth of his glorious50 inheritance in the saints, 1:19 and what is the incomparable51 greatness of his power toward52 us who believe, as displayed in53 the exercise of his immense strength.54 1:20 This power55 he exercised56 in Christ when he raised him57 from the dead and seated him58 at his right hand in the heavenly realms59 1:21 far above every rule and authority and power and dominion and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 1:22 And God60 put61 all things under Christ’s62 feet,63 and he gave him to the church as head over all things.64 1:23 Now the church is65 his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.66

  6. rich constant says:

    God separating himself from himself, by cursing his son on the cross brings across the important message of what is being said by Paul in Galatians the fourth chapter about verse 3-4 born under the law to redeem those under the law.
    And God being no respecter of persons if he does it for one he has to do it for everyone on the basis of faith because of his promise and His grace through faith.
    Preaching a curse or preaching the Offense of the cross, brings about a new perception to the event of the cross and what it meant to the Pharisees and Sadducees, a law Of works. Romans 10 and how bad they missed it,.
    this perspective also clarifies the muddy waters of Romans 9 10 and 11.
    At least for me.
    blessings I’m done…today…I think… maybe…
    it should straighten out all the atonement issues also.

  7. rich constant says:


    5:5 And hope does not disappoint, because the love of God5 has been poured out6 in our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

    5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.

    Leviticus 17:11.

    For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.


    5:9 Much more then, because we have now been declared righteous8 by his blood,9 we will be saved through him from God’s wrath.


    5:9 Much more then, because we have now been declared righteous8 by his blood,9 we will be saved through him from God’s wrath.10 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, since we have been reconciled, will we be saved by his life? 5:11 Not11 only this, but we also rejoice12 in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received this reconciliation.

    5:12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people13 because14 all sinned – 5:13 for before the law was given,15 sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin16 when there is no law. 5:14 Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses even over those who did not sin in the same way that Adam (who is a type17 of the coming one) transgressed.18

    5:17 For if, by the transgression of the one man,25 death reigned through the one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ!

    5:12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people13 because14 all sinned – 5:13 for before the law was given,15 sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin16 when there is no law.

    5:18 Consequently,26 just as condemnation27 for all people28 came29 through one transgression,30 so too through the one righteous act31 came righteousness leading to life for all people.

    5:19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man33 many34 were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man35 many36 will be made righteous.

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