Category Archives: Index

The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 11 (the branches broken off and grafted in; Rom 10:17-24)

Rom 11:-17-21 (Rom. 11:17-21 ESV) 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 18 … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 10 (Making the Jews jealous; Rom 11:9-16)

Rom 11:9-10 (Rom. 11:9-10 ESV) 9 And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; 10 let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 9 (Further on”Harden” in Exodus)

In the last post, we observed that the Jewish worldview assumes that God is involved in everything, whether to our minds natural or supernatural, but without taking away free will. This was part of their worldview, that is, how they … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 8 (“Harden” in Exodus)

The meaning of “harden” in Rom 11:7-8 should be clear by now. And I know it’s hard to imagine me — of all people — over-arguing a case. But the point is not just to define Paul’s word. It’s to … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 7 (“the rest were hardened”; Romans 11:7-8)

Rom 11:7-8 (Rom. 11:7-8 ESV)  7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,  8 as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 6 (Has God rejected his people? Romans 11:1-6)

REMINDER: We’re considering the Vatican’s argument that the Jews are saved without faith in Jesus as Messiah because “the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable,” a declaration of Paul found in Rom 11:29. Romans 11:28-29 (Rom. 11:28-29 ESV) 28 … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 5 (further on “calling”)

“Call” in Romans 1 Paul begins Romans speaking of God’s calling. (Rom. 1:1-7 ESV)  Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God,  2 which he promised beforehand through his prophets … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 4 (OT background)

If around 20 AD you were to ask a typical First Century Jew whether the Exile is over, he would have said “No.” You might reply, “But you’re no longer in Babylonian Captivity. How can that be?” He would explain, … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 3 (Historical background)

Romans in historical context Let’s start with a little history. Paul had never been to Rome, nor does he speak of any other apostle as having been there or founding that congregation. It appears likely to have been founded by … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 2 (“Gifts”; “Calling”)

The meaning of “calling” in Paul’s writings The Vatican committee’s position paper bases it claim that Jews who do not believe in Jesus are nonetheless saved almost entirely on Rom 11:29, which is even quoted above the caption of the … Continue reading

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