Category Archives: Election

The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 15 (A Theory)

(Rom. 11:25-26 ESV)  25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon [ethnic] Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 14 (Conclusion; Rom 10:30-36)

Rom 11:30-32 (Rom. 11:30-32 ESV) 30 For just as you [Gentiles] were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience,  31 so they [the Jews] too have now been disobedient in order that … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 13 (all Israel will be saved; Rom 10:26b-29)

Rom 11:26b-29 (Rom. 11:26-27 ESV)  26 And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”;  27 “and this will be my covenant with them … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 12 (until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; Rom 10:25-26a)

Rom 11:25-26a (Rom. 11:25-26a ESV)  25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 11 (the branches broken off and grafted in; Rom 10:17-24)

Rom 11:-17-21 (Rom. 11:17-21 ESV) 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 18 … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 10 (Making the Jews jealous; Rom 11:9-16)

Rom 11:9-10 (Rom. 11:9-10 ESV) 9 And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; 10 let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 9 (Further on”Harden” in Exodus)

In the last post, we observed that the Jewish worldview assumes that God is involved in everything, whether to our minds natural or supernatural, but without taking away free will. This was part of their worldview, that is, how they … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 8 (“Harden” in Exodus)

The meaning of “harden” in Rom 11:7-8 should be clear by now. And I know it’s hard to imagine me — of all people — over-arguing a case. But the point is not just to define Paul’s word. It’s to … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 7 (“the rest were hardened”; Romans 11:7-8)

Rom 11:7-8 (Rom. 11:7-8 ESV)  7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,  8 as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would … Continue reading

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The Pope, the Salvation of the Jews, and Calvinism, Part 6 (Has God rejected his people? Romans 11:1-6)

REMINDER: We’re considering the Vatican’s argument that the Jews are saved without faith in Jesus as Messiah because “the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable,” a declaration of Paul found in Rom 11:29. Romans 11:28-29 (Rom. 11:28-29 ESV) 28 … Continue reading

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