N. T. Wright’s The Day the Revolution Began, Part 15 (Covenantal Substitutionary Atonement, Part 1)

dayrevolutionbegan

N. T. “Tom” Wright has just released another paradigm-shifting book suggesting a new, more scriptural way of understanding the atonement, The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion. Wright delves deeply into how the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus accomplishes our salvation.

Christus Victor

At long last, we get to Wright’s understanding of the crucifixion.

At the heart of it all is the achievement of Jesus as the true human being who, as the “image,” is the ultimate embodiment (or “incarnation”) of the creator God. His death, the climax of his work of inaugurating God’s kingdom on earth as in heaven, was the victory over the destructive powers let loose into the world not simply through human wrongdoing, the breaking of moral codes, but through the human failure to be image-bearers, to worship the Creator and reflect his wise stewardship into the world (and, to be sure, breaking any moral codes that might be around, but this is not the focus). And the reason his death had this effect was that, as the representative and substitute in the senses we shall explore in due course, he achieved the “forgiveness of sins” in the sense long promised by Israel’s prophets.

Wright, N. T.. The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion (Kindle Locations 2467-2473). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition. Continue reading

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Guide for a New Adult Education Leader

teacher2

[PS — Do not teach with hands in pocket.]

I get emails —

Jay, I have been asked to be the new head of a group at our church that oversees the adult education curriculum. The shepherds at my congregation are intently interested in doing more than “caretaking” when it comes to adult education: specifically, they are wondering what new and/or successful and/or helpful approaches have been adopted by other congregations to improve the quality of adult education. (“Success” does not necessarily mean “increased attendance,” but perhaps more engagement and spiritual growth). Any ideas? Are you familiar with any of our schools (or folks outside our faith family) that might have ideas about this?

I’m 62. I’ve been involved in adult education in a leadership capacity from about 1980 until I retired from the eldership about 2 years ago. I taught my first adult Bible class in 1978 (while studying for the Bar). So that’s 36 years of experience and over 2,000 classes taught — not counting OIJ. And I have no idea what the best plan is. But I do know some things. Continue reading

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N. T. Wright’s The Day the Revolution Began, Part 14 (“Forgiveness of sins,” Part 2)

dayrevolutionbegan

N. T. “Tom” Wright has just released another paradigm-shifting book suggesting a new, more scriptural way of understanding the atonement, The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion. Wright delves deeply into how the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus accomplishes our salvation.

Zechariah’s prophecy as example [NTW/JFG]

Remember: When Wright puts “forgiveness of sins” in quotation marks, he is not being ironic. That is, he’s not saying that sins aren’t really being forgiven. Rather, he is saying that this term is being used in a special sense. For example, in Luke, Zechariah, the father of John the Baptist, prophesies — Continue reading

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Thom Rainer: Surprising Insights Regarding Church Budgets and Salaries

collection plateLongtime readers know I am a fan of Thom Rainer’s work on church leadership. He recently posted an article “Six Surprising Insights Regarding Church Budgets and Salaries.”

Here’s his summary:

  1. Growing churches pay their pastors and staff slightly less than declining churches.
  2. Only two percent of the churches’ budgets are funded outside congregational giving.
  3. One third of the churches increased the outsourcing of staff over the past five years.
  4. Overall church staffing costs have declined to 49 percent of the budget.
  5. The attendance-to-staff ratio is 76:1.
  6. About 81 percent of churches limit visibility of specific salaries to a board, a subcommittee, or senior staff.

Let’s think about these for a moment. Continue reading

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N. T. Wright’s The Day the Revolution Began, Part 13 (“Forgiveness of sins,” Part 1)

dayrevolutionbegan

N. T. “Tom” Wright has just released another paradigm-shifting book suggesting a new, more scriptural way of understanding the atonement, The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion. Wright delves deeply into how the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus accomplishes our salvation.

At this point in our study, I’m shifting away from background and more toward the actual book itself.

“Forgiveness of sins”

The end of Exile is connected with the forgiveness of sins. Wright argues that Second Temple Jews often referred to the end of the Exile in terms of “forgiveness of sins.” (He uses quotation marks to distinguish forgiveness of sins in the special end-of-exile sense from the ordinary sense of the phrase.) Continue reading

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Wineskins: “Fighting Pedophilia in the Church: A Special Ops Ministry” by Jimmy Hinton

wineskinsbannerPlease take the time to read the recently posted Fighting Pedophilia in the Church: A Special Ops Ministry by Jimmy Hinton. Also his’ earlier articles:

Protecting our Children from Pedophiles: Practical Steps for Parents, Churches and Organizations to Identify and Address This Problem

What Place do Pedophiles Have in the Church?

and this video —

From Jimmy’s profile at Wineskins:

Jimmy is a full time minister at the Somerset Church of Christ in Somerset, PA. He speaks to churches about child sex abuse, after allegations arose that his father was sexually abusing children. His dad is serving a 30-60 year prison sentence for sex crimes against young children. Continue reading

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N. T. Wright’s The Day the Revolution Began, Part 12 (First Century Jews in Exile)

dayrevolutionbegan

N. T. “Tom” Wright has just released another paradigm-shifting book suggesting a new, more scriptural way of understanding the atonement, The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion. Wright delves deeply into how the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus accomplishes our salvation.

The Exile of Second Temple Jews

Going back many books and many years, Wright has argued that for Second Temple period Jews, the exile that began with the Babylonian Captivity (“Exile,” to distinguish from many other exiles) was not ended when Ezra and Nehemiah led a group of Jews to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple and the city walls.

Daniel prophesied that although Jeremiah has prophesied an exile of 70 years (Dan 9:2), which is the time from the conquest of Jerusalem to Ezra and Nehemiah, the exile would in fact continue for 70 “weeks,” that is, 7 x 70 or 490 years (Dan 9:24), which approximate the time until Jesus. (There are plenty of commentaries that attempt all sorts of calculations. The approximate time is good enough for our purposes.) Continue reading

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