McKnight organizes the nine Beatitudes into three groups of three. The second group is those who pursue justice and righteousness —
(Mat 5:6-8 ESV) 6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.”
“Righteousness” can refer to God’s declaration that someone is righteous by grace or to this actual conformity to God’s will. In Paul, “righteousness” is usually a product of grace, that is, imputed righteousness. But in Jesus’ vocabulary, speaking to Jews, he usually demands obedience to Torah, especially the great principles of Torah. As McKnight explains,
Jesus paraphrases Psa 37:11 when he says the meek shall inherit the earth. But this is not just a proof text showing that prophecies come true. Rather, Jesus is declaring the entire context of v. 11 as coming true —
(Psa 37:1-11 ESV) Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers!
2 For they will soon fade like the grass and wither like the green herb.
3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; dwell in the land and befriend faithfulness.
4 Delight yourself in the LORD, and he will give you the desires of your heart.
5 Commit your way to the LORD; trust in him, and he will act.
6 He will bring forth your righteousness as the light, and your justice as the noonday.
7 Be still before the LORD and wait patiently for him; fret not yourself over the one who prospers in his way, over the man who carries out evil devices!
8 Refrain from anger, and forsake wrath! Fret not yourself; it tends only to evil.
9 For the evildoers shall be cut off, but those who wait for the LORD shall inherit the land.
10 In just a little while, the wicked will be no more; though you look carefully at his place, he will not be there.
11 But the meek shall inherit the land and delight themselves in abundant peace.
Notice the themes:
* Patience in waiting for the Lord’s justice. Justice will prevail, but perhaps not as quickly as we’d prefer. Continue reading
The SOTM begins with the Beatitudes. Contrary to much teaching, the word is from the Latin for “blessed,” not a contraction of “be attitude.”
And the Beatitudes are not commands. This is not a list of rules to live by. Rather, exactly as it appears at first reading, it’s a listing of people who should consider themselves blessed by God at the coming of the Kingdom. Continue reading
I’ve been dealing with various ailments and distractions lately, not to mention trying to get my Sermon on the Mount posts up on time, and so I haven’t paid sufficient attention to the tone and content of the comments.
I owe an apology to any number of commenters who’ve been sinfully insulted and belittled. By way of penance, I’m going to be more diligent in moderating the comments, even if it means skipping a few days of posting. And I really enjoy posting, and really hate playing moderator. So this it truly penance.
Here’s how it’s going to be — Continue reading
As is true of much of the NT, the early portions of Matthew closely parallel the Exodus. We’ve already seen in the recent series on 1Co how Exodus informs our understanding of chapters 8 – 10.
There are also fascinating parallels with Moses himself in Matthew.
* Both Jesus and Moses were threatened by death as infants from a wicked king.
* Both Jesus and Moses spent their early years in Egypt, although Moses stayed much longer.
* Jesus began his ministry being baptized in the Jordan. Moses began his mission to the Promised Land crossing the Red Sea. (Paul makes the comparison between the Red Sea and baptism explicit in 1Co 8.) Continue reading
Scot McKnight explains that, unlike any other teacher of ethics,
Jesus “did” ethics from four angles: Ethics from Above, Ethics from Beyond, Ethics from Below, and then setting each of these into the context of Jesus’ messianic ethics designed for the messianic community in the power of the Spirit.
Scot McKnight, Sermon on the Mount (The Story of God Bible Commentary; Accordance electronic ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013), 8.
Ethics from Above
Jesus spoke with the authority of God himself. Unlike Moses, who received the Law from God, Jesus speaks of his own authority. Over and over, he says, “I tell you” or “But I say to you” — as though his words carry an authority far above that of the rabbis and scribes. Continue reading
Tim Archer, who often comments here, has posted an article for Wineskins arguing against an egalitarian point of view and for men to be considered spiritual leaders at church and at home. However, he argues that if men are failing in their job as spiritual leaders, God will raise up a woman to fill the void.
I have posted a response, supporting an egalitarian point of view. And Tim and I have exchanged views in the comments to my article.
Matthew records Jesus’ baptism, followed by his fasting in the wilderness, and then the temptations by Satan. Matthew then records,
(Mat 4:17 ESV) 17 From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
Matthew next records the calling of some of the apostles with the repeated command, “Follow me.”
Matthew then narrates,
(Mat 4:23-25 ESV) And he went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction among the people. 24 So his fame spread throughout all Syria, and they brought him all the sick, those afflicted with various diseases and pains, those oppressed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics, and he healed them. 25 And great crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis, and from Jerusalem and Judea, and from beyond the Jordan.
So what is this “kingdom of heaven”? And what is “the gospel of the kingdom”? And how could Jesus preach the gospel before he is revealed as the Messiah? And how can there be a gospel before he died for our sins? Continue reading
I’m going to start following the convention of many academic journals and start abbreviating many more word. Less wear and tear on these old fingers and quicker reading for the readers.
NT = New Testament
OT = Old Testament
LXX = Septuagint
Bible books generally abbreviated with first three letters and no period.
Phi = Philippians, not Philemon.
Phm = Philemon
Numbered books will be in the format 1Co = 1 Corinthians. (No Roman numerals).
This will also keep me from having to edit cut-and-paste Bible passages from software, where these abbreviations have become fairly standard.
If this proves to make reading more difficult, let me know, but I figure most people now see these abbreviations so often that spelling the words out has become more of a hindrance than help — and anything that shortens my writing has to be good. Right?
So I’ve been working on a series of lessons on the Sermon on the Mount (SOTM), and after writing about 8 or 9 of them, I realized I hadn’t yet really explained what’s most important. So I asked myself, if I only had one 1/2 hour lesson to teach on the SOTM, what would I say? I mean, the Sermon is just so big and the commentaries are so vast. Is it possible to boil it down to something easily expressed and understood? I think so.
We have to start with some metaphors.
The Kingdom of Heaven is like a nation created in the midst of other nations. The other nations are under oppressive rule by illegitimate, even demonic powers. Continue reading